Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) Treatment & Surgery in Nagpur

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders refer to a group of conditions that affect the temporomandibular joint, which connects the jawbone to the skull. These disorders can cause pain and dysfunction in the jaw joint and surrounding muscles, leading to symptoms such as jaw pain, clicking or popping noises, limited jaw movement, and headaches. Here’s an overview of the diagnosis and treatment of TMJ disorders:

  • Medical History and Physical Examination: The healthcare provider will review the patient’s medical history, including symptoms, previous injuries, and any habits or behaviors that may contribute to TMJ dysfunction (such as teeth grinding or jaw clenching). A physical examination of the jaw, face, and neck may be performed to assess jaw movement, muscle tenderness, and joint sounds.
  • Imaging Studies: Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans may be ordered to evaluate the TMJ and surrounding structures, identify any structural abnormalities or damage to the joint, and rule out other conditions that may mimic TMJ disorders.
  • Dental Examination: A dentist or oral surgeon may examine the teeth, bite alignment, and occlusion (how the upper and lower teeth fit together) to assess for any dental issues that may contribute to TMJ symptoms, such as malocclusion or tooth grinding.
  • Diagnostic Procedures: In some cases, additional diagnostic tests or procedures may be performed, such as joint aspiration (removing fluid from the joint for analysis), electromyography (EMG) to assess muscle activity, or arthroscopy (inserting a small camera into the joint) for direct visualization of the TMJ.
  • TMJ surgery: TMJ surgery is a treatment option considered for individuals with severe temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders that do not respond to conservative treatments or have structural abnormalities requiring surgical intervention. Surgery for TMJ disorders is typically reserved for cases where symptoms are debilitating, significantly impacting quality of life, and conservative therapies have been ineffective in providing relief.
Here’s an overview of common types of TMJ surgery:
  • Arthrocentesis: Arthrocentesis, also known as joint lavage or joint aspiration, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed to flush out the TMJ with sterile saline solution. It is often used as a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure to remove debris, inflammatory mediators, and adhesions from the joint space, alleviate pain, and improve jaw function. Arthrocentesis may be performed under local anesthesia or sedation and involves inserting needles into the joint space to irrigate and aspirate fluids.
  • Arthroscopy: TMJ arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows direct visualization and treatment of the TMJ using a small camera (arthroscope) inserted through small incisions in the skin. Arthroscopy enables the surgeon to assess the condition of the joint, remove inflamed or damaged tissue, repair ligaments or cartilage, and perform other corrective procedures while minimizing trauma to surrounding structures. Arthroscopic surgery may be used to treat conditions such as internal derangement, disc displacement, adhesions, or synovitis of the TMJ.
  • Open Joint Surgery: Open joint surgery involves making larger incisions to access the TMJ directly and perform more extensive procedures to address structural abnormalities or advanced joint pathology. Common types of open joint surgery include:
  • Discectomy: Removal of the articular disc (meniscus) of the TMJ, often performed in cases of irreparable disc displacement or severe degenerative joint disease.
  • Joint Replacement: Total joint replacement or partial joint replacement (arthroplasty) may be considered in cases of severe TMJ degeneration or dysfunction that cannot be effectively managed with less invasive treatments. Joint replacement involves removing damaged or diseased joint components and replacing them with prosthetic implants made of metal, plastic, or other materials.
  • Joint Reconstruction: Surgical procedures such as joint repositioning, condylar shaving, or bone grafting may be performed to correct structural abnormalities, improve joint alignment, or restore normal joint function.
  • Orthognathic Surgery: In some cases, TMJ surgery may be combined with orthognathic surgery (corrective jaw surgery) to address underlying skeletal discrepancies or malocclusion contributing to TMJ dysfunction. Orthognathic surgery aims to reposition the upper jaw (maxilla), lower jaw (mandible), or both to achieve better occlusion, jaw function, and facial harmony.

TMJ surgery is typically performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons or otolaryngologists (ENT surgeons) with specialized training in TMJ disorders and facial surgery. The choice of surgical technique depends on various factors, including the underlying cause of the TMJ disorder, the severity of symptoms, the patient’s overall health, and treatment goals. As with any surgical procedure, TMJ surgery carries risks and potential complications, and careful patient selection, preoperative evaluation, and postoperative care are essential to optimize outcomes and minimize risks. It’s important for individuals considering TMJ surgery to have a thorough evaluation by a qualified healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment approach based on their specific condition and needs.

Call Now ButtonCall Now