Oral Cancer Treatment in Nagpur

Oral cancer refers to cancer that develops in the mouth or oral cavity. It can affect various areas, including the lips, tongue, gums, cheeks, roof and floor of the mouth, and the throat. Here’s an overview of oral cancer, including its causes, symptoms, treatment options, surgery, diagnosis, and potential complications:

Causes of Oral Cancer
  • Tobacco Use: Smoking cigarettes, cigars, pipes, or using smokeless tobacco products increases the risk of developing oral cancer.
  • Alcohol Consumption: Heavy alcohol consumption is a significant risk factor, particularly when combined with tobacco use.
  • HPV Infection: Certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), especially HPV-16, have been linked to oral cancer.
  • Sun Exposure: Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, particularly on the lips, increases the risk of lip cancer.
  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Chronic irritation and inflammation of the oral tissues due to poor oral hygiene or ill-fitting dentures may contribute to the development of oral cancer.
  • Diet: A diet low in fruits and vegetables and high in processed foods may increase the risk of oral cancer.
Symptoms of Oral Cancer
  • Persistent mouth sores or ulcers that do not heal.
  • Red or white patches in the mouth.
  • Swelling, lumps, or thickening of the oral tissues.
  • Difficulty swallowing or chewing.
  • Persistent sore throat or hoarseness.
  • Numbness or pain in the mouth or lips.
  • Changes in voice or speech.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
Oral Cancer Diagnosis
  • Physical Examination: A healthcare provider may perform a thorough examination of the mouth, throat, and neck to look for signs of oral cancer.
  • Biopsy : If suspicious lesions are found, a biopsy may be performed to collect a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to confirm the presence of cancerous cells.
  • Imaging Tests: Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, or PET scans may be used to determine the extent of the cancer and whether it has spread to nearby structures or distant organs.
Treatment Options of Oral Cancer
  • Surgery: Surgery is often the primary treatment for oral cancer and may involve removing the tumor along with surrounding healthy tissue (wide local excision), lymph nodes (neck dissection), or parts of the jaw or tongue (reconstructive surgery).
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to destroy cancer cells and may be used alone or in combination with surgery.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells or prevent their growth and may be used in combination with surgery and/or radiation therapy.
  • Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy drugs specifically target cancer cells or certain molecular pathways involved in cancer growth and may be used in cases where other treatments have been ineffective.
Complications After Oral Cancer Surgery
  • Difficulty Eating and Swallowing: Surgery or radiation therapy may cause difficulty swallowing or chewing, which can lead to malnutrition or dehydration.
  • Speech and Swallowing Problems: Surgery affecting the tongue or throat may affect speech or swallowing function, requiring speech therapy or rehabilitation.
  • Facial Disfigurement: Extensive surgery to remove oral cancer may result in facial disfigurement, requiring reconstructive surgery to restore appearance and function.
  • Recurrence: Despite treatment, oral cancer may recur, requiring additional treatment or close monitoring.
  • Secondary Cancers: Some individuals treated for oral cancer may develop secondary cancers in the mouth, throat, or other areas.

Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial for improving outcomes and reducing the risk of complications in individuals with oral cancer. Regular dental check-ups and self-examination of the mouth are important for early detection, particularly in individuals at higher risk due to tobacco use, alcohol consumption, or HPV infection. If you notice any signs or symptoms of oral cancer, it’s essential to see a healthcare provider for evaluation and appropriate management.

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